If you are planning to customize your car or motorcycle with an aesthetic or mechanical modification, you should be aware of the possibilities and the consequences of doing so. The growing influence of aftermarket auto modifiers among next-generation buyers has once again fueled the debate between vehicle owners and government authorities. However, before you consider trying to modify your car or motorcycle, you should save the 2019 Supreme Court judgment on this matter.
In accordance with the judgment of Justice Arun Mishra and Justice Vineet Saran of the Supreme Court, no modifications should be made to a vehicle that differs from the original specifications recommended by the manufacturer of that vehicle. This judgment goes hand in hand with Article 52 of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, which states that no such modification is allowed to alter the vehicle information mentioned in the registration certificate. This means the basic structure and changes to mechanical components such as engine, exhaust, larger alloy rims, stronger horns, wider tires, etc. are illegal in the books of the law.
However, if a person wants to make changes such as operating with a different type of fuel (such as installing a CNG kit), they must comply with the various waivers issued by the central government, which requires a bit of hassle and prep work. .
Along with other fuel options, there are some modifications that can be made to your vehicle if they do not alter the original manufacturer specifications, such as changing the color of your car, minor additions like rainscreens and splash guards. bumper angle, tire sizing. and wheels of an inferior variant to those of the superior variant of a vehicle within the limits prescribed by the automaker and the engine exchange, the latter of which requires the prior authorization of the RTO. If any of the above mentioned rules are violated, the vehicle owner is required to pay a fine of Rs 5,000 per modification or a jail term of up to six months.
No, such structural changes are not legal in India. The Supreme Court of India and the Motor Vehicle Act prohibit such modifications from being driven on public roads. Such vehicles can be project cars for many and can be used on private property like a racetrack or on a farm. However, the police can seize it on the public highway.
In India modification is not allowed and even aftermarket accessories like bull bar and other structural changes are also prohibited. In fact, tires that are too big for a vehicle are also prohibited. Such vehicles certainly get a lot of attention on the roads, but since they are made in local garages without proper welding equipment, they can be dangerous.
If a vehicle breaks down while traveling on a road, it can become the cause of a serious accident. Police in different states have set up checkpoints to monitor these changes and also issue challans.